Ohio Legal Overview
The highest court in Ohio is the Supreme Court of Ohio, comprised of a Chief Justice and six justices elected for six year terms. The Ohio Court of Appeals is the intermediate appellate court, with at least four judges in each of the 12 judicial districts. Court of Appeals judges are also elected for six year terms. The Court of Claims has original jurisdiction over claims filed against the state and its agencies. The Courts of Common Pleas is the main trial court. It has a general division and three other divisions for domestic relations, juvenile matters and probate issues.
Top metro Ohio areas for Legal Issues:
1. Capital punishment in Ohio is legal, with the death penalty being administered via lethal injection. Cases originating in Ohio have produced landmark Fourth Amendment judgments. In Mapp v. Ohio (1961), the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that evidence obtained unlawfully cannot be used against defendants in state criminal prosecutions in the state courts. Prior to this, the exclusionary clause was applicable only to federal prosecutions in a federal court. In Terry v. Ohio (1968), the court ruled that law enforcement is allowed to search suspects on the street upon reasonable suspicion, even if there was no probable cause for arrest.
2. A podiatrist in Ohio is currently facing eight different medical malpractice lawsuits.
3. The Obama capaign has pressed charges over Ohio's early voting regulation.
Trending Ohio Legal Topics: The Ohio State Bar Association (OSBA) was founded in 1880 as a voluntary organization. The OSBA membership has since grown to more than 31,000 lawyers, judges, students and paralegals. The OSBA now represents in excess of 26,000 of more than 38,100 lawyers licensed to practice law in Ohio. The Office of Bar Admissions of the Supreme Court is in charge of overseeing the Board of Bar Examiners and the admissions process for attorneys. The OSBA, the Supreme Court of Ohio and all of its administrative commissions, agencies and offices of the Ohio judiciary are based in Columbus, Ohio.