North Dakota Legal Overview
The highest court in North Dakota is the North Dakota Supreme Court, comprised of five justices elected for ten year terms. Apart from taking on appeals itself, the Supreme Court can also call a Court of Appeals session and assign three judges for appellate hearings. They can be retired Supreme Court justices, active or retired District Court judges, and attorneys. The District Courts divided into seven judicial districts are the main trial courts with general jurisdiction. District Court judges are elected for six year terms. Municipal courts for local ordinance violations are presided over by part-time judges.
Top metro North Dakota areas for Legal Issues:
1. Capital punishment has been disallowed in North Dakota since the death penalty was abolished effective July 1, 1975 under the state's new criminal code. Cases originating in the North Dakota courts have produced landmark U.S. Supreme Court judgments clarifying States' rights against the Commerce Clause. In Quill Corp. v. North Dakota (1992), the court struck down an attempt by the state to impose a use tax on a firm that had no physical presence in the state. In North Dakota v. United States (1990), the court upheld the state's right to impose additional regulations for out of state products.
2. Landowners in North Dakota have pressed charges against the state regarding mineral and oil rights.
3. A man in North Dakota has filed a wrongful deathlawsuit after a drunk driver caused the death of his spouse in an automobile accident.
Trending North Dakota Legal Topics: The State Bar Association of North Dakota (SBAND) was established in 1899. It is the oldest unified state bar in the nation, and likely the smallest with only 2,300 members. This includes all of the nearly 1,500 attorneys licensed to practice law in North Dakota. The state has the least number of lawyers among all 50 states. Bar exams and admissions are administered by the State Board of Law Examiners, whose members are appointed by the North Dakota Supreme Court. Both SBAND and the Supreme Court are located in Bismarck, ND, along with other administrative agencies of the judiciary.